SimMan 3G: The Very Basic Overview


Blog post by SimGHOSTS MEA Officer Mohammad Alamar, King Fahad Medical City , Saudia Arabia, Riyadh

There are many simulation centers in the world have SimMan 3G, and they prefer it because of its easy control and setup compared to other high-fidelity simulators in the market. Many new SimTechs and even educators wish to understand how its work in very easy way rather than go back to the long manuals or go through the hands-on training on how to setup and use this simulator; we can’t say that’s possible! However, our overview here will give you the very basic understand, which will definitely guide you where to start. The main Idea of SimMan 3G is to have advance adult patient manikin used for interactive patient care specially in the advance life support training and imitate “the possible” adult human patient responses (signs, and symptoms) based on pre-defined clinical scenario. SimMan 3G Manufactured by Leardal Company, which is one of leading manufacturers in this industry.

*(in this article, we will not go to the details of topics; it is only a very clear concise overview).

SimMan 3G consisted mainly from 1 adult Manikin and 2 wireless computers (Instructor PC and The Monitor).  What to know about the whole setup:

1. Inside the manikin body there are:

  • Computer: coordinate everything between the manikin responses and the 2 laptops out side (Instructor PC and Patient Monitor).
  • Router: this router is the most important part to understand the connectivity problems; its generate the wire and wireless signal (network) which connect the three computers together.
  • Air compressor: inside the right leg of the manikin, responsible on the mechanical movements of the lungs, pulses, tongue swelling and others (without air no pulse or chest raise! In healthy SimMan).
  • Two rechargeable Batteries: enables the work without the DC power cord for 2-4 hours.
  • Water tank: to be filled when need to have tears, forehead sweating and saliva.
  • Sim Blood Tank: to be filled when need to have bleeding in trauma scenario.
  • Small Speakers: to listen to the heart and lung sounds. In addition to one streams the controller speech. ·
  • Microphone: enable the controller to listen on the instructor PC.
  • Other important parts: we cant's list them all but of course; there are the cables, blue light, tubes, ports, bladder tank, magnetic code reader …etc.


2. The Patient Monitor PC - 2 things to do

  • Connect to the manikin wireless network.
  • Open the monitor application.

3. The Instructor PC - the main controller PC 

  • Connect to the manikin wireless network.
  • Open the instructor application.
  • Check the connectivity and manikin responses.

The Instructor PC also have other important applications beside the Instructor application, which are required for the complete scenario building and control, and those are:

  • Profile Editor: Manikin profile is the preferences setting where you can control sounds volume, leads, connection method, debriefing setup and other settings then save the profile on the PC to be used when you run the instructor application. You can create and save different profiles as much as you need…
  • Scenario Editor: where you build the required scenario for the training
  • Trend Editor: to setup a monitor parameters behavior and use it later in the scenario.
  • Handlers Editor: design an expected learner actions to be used during the scenario building and run. · Monitor
  • Setup Application: to design profiles for the monitor views based on the required setting, like ICU monitor, ER monitor, 2 Leads, 4 leads, 5 leads, what to show what not, parameters limit range and colors.
  • Other Related apps.

SimMan 3G User Guide from Leardal here

*There is new software from Leardal called (LLEAP) to control and setup most of Leardal manikins including SimMan 3G, it contains all those apps in one user interface with easer way to understand and control.