SimGHOSTS 2016 USA Day 2 Opens with Plenary Connecting Standardized Patients
Today at SimGHOSTS 2016 USA Laerdal Medical sponsored the opening plenary address by Grace Gephart Director, PULSE Center at Arkansas Children's Hospital and ASPE President.
Grace Gephardt, MEd is the Director of the PULSE Simulation Center at Arkansas Children’s Hospital. She joined the PULSE Center in 2007 as their Standardized Patient Educator and became the Director in 2013. In her tenure, she has been involved in creating and implementing numerous comprehensive simulation scenarios for multidisciplinary use, including the development and launching of a national training in patient/family communications for pediatric chaplains. In 2014, she was nominated for and received the ‘Outstanding SP Educator of the Year’ award from the Association of Standardized Patient Educators and currently serves as President on the organization’s Board of Directors. Grace is also a member of SSH, SESAM and SimGHOSTS.
In 1963 a neurologist by the name of Howard Barrows discovered that a lay person could be trained to simulate illness and give feedback to medical students about their history and communication skills. He called this person a simulated patient and defined it as “a person who has been carefully coached to simulate an actual patient so accurately that the simulation cannot be detected by a skilled clinician. In performing the simulation, the SP presents the gestalt of the patient being simulated; not just the history, but the body language, the physical findings, and the emotional and personality characteristics as well." Gradually, the use of the simulated patient began to grow in medical education. Educators found that simulated patients offered not only a variety of teaching opportunities for students, but also opportunities for testing student performance. Out of this testing environment grew the term “standardized patient” or “SP.”
As Gayle Gliva-McConvey explains, “An SP is a person trained to portray a patient scenario, or an actual patient using their own history and physical exam findings, for the instruction, assessment, or practice of communication and/or examining skills of a health care provider. In the health and medical sciences, SPs are used to provide a safe and supportive environment conducive for learning or for standardized assessments. SPs can serve as practice models, or participate in sophisticated assessment and feedback of learner’s abilities or services. The use of simulated scenarios involving humans is rapidly expanding to meet the needs of many high-risk service fields outside of human health care." As simulated/standardized patient methodology grew, educators felt a need to develop an organization that could foster the growth of the profession that was creating and supporting this new methodology. Thus, in 2001, the Association of Standardized Patients was formed.
Since that time, our membership has grown along with the concept of standardized patients. Its use has expanded into many fields including dentistry, pharmacy, veterinary medicine, and allied health professions. Over the last decade, three simulation modalities have become intertwined - scenarios may now include SPs, task trainers and/or manikins; commonly known as “hybrid” simulations.
The Laerdal Company was established in 1940. During our first two decades, we created innovative toys and books for children. In 1958, the company started to dedicate itself to advancing the cause of resuscitation and emergency care. In 1960, the first patient simulator Resusci Anne manikin was introduced to the market. A new logo was needed to reflect our mission. Our founder, Åsmund S. Laerdal, chose the image of the Good Samaritan. It depicts the ancient tale of the traveller whose selfless compassion and care saved the life of a total stranger. This became our emblem and our inspiration.
Today, Laerdal Medical is dedicated to helping save lives with product solutions, services, and system solutions that support the Chain of Survival. The Good Samaritan logo symbolizes our commitment to every health professional and volunteer who has learned how to save the life of a family member, friend, or stranger in need. The vision of Laerdal is that no-one should die or be disabled unnecessarily during birth or from sudden illness or trauma. Since its creation of the pioneering, and now world famous CPR practise manikin in 1960, the Resusci Anne; many more innovative products have followed to improve and support education for Healthcare Professionals around the world, as well as facilitate the spread of CPR knowledge and skills to the would be Samaritan in the wider lay community.
Laerdal has developed break-through technologies that have helped to define its portfolio of simulation, micro-simulation, virtual reality, automated external defibrillators and emergency therapeutic products as reputable market leaders. Other well-known brands include SimMan,SimBaby, SimNewB, HeartStart, Q-CPR, Stifneck, the Pocket Mask and BaXstrap.